murder camp in Lublin in eastern Poland. Established in
the fall 1941.
At first a labor camp for Poles and a POW camp for Russians,
it was turned into a gassing center for Jews from the spring
1942. There were 7 gas chambers.
In April 1944 people from the camp were evacuated to other
Majdanek was liberated by the Red Army in July 1944, but
not before about 200,000-250,000 Jewish men, women, and
children had lost their lives there.